Spandex Lining Fabric is a type of garment fabric that is typically found in clothing and apparel, used to provide a smooth finish and enhance the comfort of the wearer. Spandex lining fabric is made of a combination of synthetic materials, such as spandex, nylon, and polyester, which are woven together to create a strong and stretchy material. It is commonly used in form-fitting consumer clothing, such as swimwear, lingerie, and athletic wear. Spandex lining fabric is also used in a variety of other garments, such as formal attire and children’s clothing.
Spandex lining is often called by another name, including elastane or lycra. This fabric was first developed by the DuPont company, as a polymer fiber that has an impressive level of elasticity. While the term “spandex” is not a trademark and was never intended to be used as a brand name, it has become one, and consumers have adopted it in the lexicon to describe this textile.
The elasticity of this fabric is what makes it so popular and useful, as it allows it to mold to the body’s contours to provide a flattering fit. This form-fitting quality is especially important for garments like swimwear and lingerie, as well as athletic wear, which require a high degree of flexibility to perform properly.
Another important feature of this textile is its heat-resistance. As the lining of any garment, it is frequently exposed to harsh and intense heat, and this can damage or fade other types of textiles. This durability ensures that the lining of a garment will last longer and keep its shape, even after repeated washings.
In addition to its durability, elastane is highly breathable and moisture-wicking. This enables it to regulate the body’s temperature, and prevent the wearer from becoming overheated or sweaty. While this feature may not be beneficial for all garments, it is especially important for athletic wear and certain types of dresses and suits.
The production process of elastane is very energy-intensive, and this fact has led to concerns about the potential environmental impact of this textile. In order to make this fabric, a substance known as macroglycol is mixed with a diisocyanate monomer under specific conditions of temperature and pressure. This is then combined with another substance, magnesium stearate, which helps to create a prepolymer that can be manipulated into different kinds of textiles.
Once this has been done, it is possible to produce a wide variety of fabrics that can be incorporated into a variety of consumer garments. While pure spandex is sometimes used to make incredibly stretchy or fully form-fitting garments, it is more common for small amounts of this material to be woven into other textiles to impart elasticity to them.
The elasticity of this fabric is so impressive that it can be added to a number of different kinds of textiles, making them much more flexible and comfortable to wear. This is particularly useful for items such as cotton, which are notoriously stiff and rigid when un-stretchy. This is also an excellent way to add a little elasticity to traditionally stretchy fabrics, such as jersey or stretch satin, which can be expensive to buy in large quantities.