Lining is a vital component of many garments, providing structure and comfort while adding a polished finish to the overall look. There are many different types of lining fabric available, but yarn-dyed lining fabrics are particularly noteworthy for their vibrant colors, durability, and breathability. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at this standout material, exploring its features and benefits to help you choose the perfect lining for your next project!
Unlike other types of fabrics, where color is added after the fabric has been woven together, yarn dyed fabrics are woven from yarns that have been pre-dyed. The process of dyeing the yarns prior to weaving allows for a greater degree of control, which can result in incredibly intricate and beautiful designs. The ability to create different colored strands of yarn also makes it possible to produce interesting patterns such as checks, stripes, ikat, and plaids.
There are several methods of dyeing yarns prior to weaving, such as skein dying, package dyeing and warp beam dyeing. Skein dying involves forming the yarn into loose coils, or hanks, and then immersing them in a dye bath. This technique is most commonly used for natural fibers like cotton and wool, as it allows for even dye penetration. Warp beam dyeing is a method where the yarns are wound onto perforated cylindrical packages and then the dye solution is circulated around them, allowing for a more uniform dyeing process.
Once the yarns are dyed, they must be prepared for the weaving and knitting processes. This includes desizing, scouring and bleaching to remove impurities. This process ensures that the finished fabric will be smooth and supple. Once the yarns are ready for weaving, they must be placed on looms in the correct sequence to produce the desired pattern. The final step in the production of a fabric is finishing, which includes pressing and steaming to flatten the seams, shrinkage control, and inspection for consistency. The fabric may then be cut to size and sewn into the garment.
While there are many different types of lining fabrics to choose from, it is important to consider the type and construction of the garment for which you are creating the lining. If the garment is a suit or jacket, for example, it is a good idea to choose stretchy linings such as viscose or cupro; these are often preferred for their lustrous drape and slightly silky feel. If you’re making a winter coat, meanwhile, you might want to use Sherpa or fleece lining for extra warmth.
In addition to the type of lining fabric, it is also a good idea to consider its thickness and opacity. Thicker linings can be more luxurious, while lighter linings are typically less expensive. In general, linings that are thicker and more opaque are more suitable for outerwear, while linings that are thinner and more translucent are better suited to dresses and other softer garments.